A Brief History of the English Language

now today I want to talk about the history of the English English language because usually when I talk about the English language I say English is really inconsistent language it has a lot of grammatical inconsistencies people always say well what do you mean by this I don't get it what do you mean by grammatical inconsistencies so I'm gonna give a history of the English language and explain what I mean by that now originally Britain and Ireland and this lot of France used to be called Gaul a lot of that was inhabited by a Celtic speaking people the Celts like the kind of spell spoke like an old form of Welsh their old form of Gaelic and that kind of stuff and what happened is the Romans they kind of made their way conquering people up through France and into England and they had established settlements and towns and they kind of pushed the Roman language on the Celts and so the Celts kind of picked up some Roman words and when they were in England they started having a problem like a lot of barbarians are like coming down and like attacking villages and causing problems for the Romans and Celtic people that lived there so what they did is they hired German what is now modern-day Germany like barbarians to go over there and help with the problem so they hired like mercenaries to go fight barbarians fighting other barbarians really and once the mercenaries had won they were given land so they could stay and live in England and Britain and they thought that was pretty cool they stayed there but the thing is is you know they invited their friends and family right so all these anglo-saxon people from like the Netherlands and parts of Belgium and Germany and a little bit of Denmark all these people from this kind of general area they all came and basically invaded Britain and took it completely over it set for Wales all those Celtic and some Romans they got pushed into Wales that's why in Wales they speak Welsh you're not English because when they came they took everything over and pushed them all into Wales and those original anglo-saxon people I mean they were the ones who spoke old English that's what Old English developed from their language and Old English is I mean a lot of people don't know what it is but it's really just Old English it's what these people spoke and famous probably the most famous piece of literature that's written in old english is Beowulf the poem epic poem of Beowulf and about 5000 of modern English words are derived from Old English and remain unchanged and in common use today I'll give you an example of some old English words strong water nostril RAF no from rear as in raise sick bathe craft hide as in like skin hide ditch shirt shatter shift those are all words an Old English of origin and during this time period many Latin words made their way in English vocabulary such a street kitchen kettle Cup cheese wine and the word for Germany Germany itself is a Latin word it comes from Germania which was Latin and during this time period like about the ninth century many Vikings we spoke old norse that would became from denmark norway and sweden they spoke old norse they came and tried to invade Britain and this invasion because they stayed there for a while brought in some Norse words into the English English shut the sky egg cake skin leg window husband fellow skill anger flat odd ugly get to give take raise call die those are all Old Norse words and in 1066 the Normans people from like northern France they conquered England and this had a huge huge impact on the English language this time period after the Normans conquered in 1066 it's called a like Norman English or Middle English it's when that time first started and many many French words found their way into English even if there is already a English word for them such as like replied when English has answered her English has smell French oder English yearly French annual and there's many other ones too like Rome Chamber wish desire might power so a lot of French words got sucked into English and then about 1500 that's what's considered modern English from 1500 on and even so throughout this whole time period all the way up till now English has so many foreign words that have made their way into English that it's really not even English if that makes sense because Old English was like pure English but since then so many people have conquered England that it's remained forever changed and you get so many synonyms and like skin and hide and all that kind of stuff answer reply in our language that just makes it so weird and so inconsistent I mean we even have a lot of Spanish words in our language like cargo sombrero patio armada gorilla is in like a guerrilla fighter like tactics military thing we have our mod Armada Plaza Canyon rodeo Pueblo vanilla I'm a Dillo tornado embargo bonanza those are all words and that are Spanish in origin we also have many words that are Greek in origin for instance clue I think that's Greek for ball of yarn and that comes from Greek story with the labyrinth and the guy trying to find the minute ah he had a ball a yarn that he would leave string so he could find his way back out the labyrinth so I mean we got words from like just about every language I mean even Hungarian we have goulash from Hungarian we have blitzkrieg and sauerkraut bratwurst from Germany and there's just so many more in English that just it makes it kind of an inconsistent language where we we have so much influence from other languages just so much I mean like I said they got the Norse you got the Roman influence of Latin you got the French influence I mean for instance Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare that is written in what's considered a Norman English or Middle English it was written right before the 1500s so right before it would be considered modern English and I mean still a lot of it is pretty understandable to someone who speaks English today but there's still a lot of things that are really different like valve and the words that are not in English anymore so I guess that's pretty much the history of English and what I mean by the grammatical inconsistencies is for instance there's so many like weird spellings that are pronounced way different than they look just inconsistent in that like information for instance it's like a T like how does that work that's I think pretty sure that's a French in origin so you have all these weird things with English like that and the grammar is just weird and the words are weird so I guess that was basically the point of this video is showing you why English is different like that what makes it unique compared to other languages and of course everyone knows that from England English spread to Canada to America to Australia to New Zealand to the Bahamas and many other places it's also widely spoken in parts of Africa I have a friend from Kenya who says in school they speak English they learn English and usually they did better on their English tests than they did their Swahili tests so I guess that's the history of English and that's what I mean by grammatical inconsistencies with all these different words from different languages that made their way into English most words are foreign and not English in origin

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